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Friday, May 27, 2011

The Beuty Of The Elephant

Beuty Of Animlas | The Beuty Of The Elephant | Elephants are known for their keen sense of smell and hearing, compensating for their poor eyesight.  Even though they are the largest and most powerful land mammal, they are gentle and peaceful. Females live in family units. Young males are driven from the family when they reach puberty to live in bachelor herds.

Adult males live alone joining family units only to mate. African elephants weigh between 3 and 6 tons and measure 10 feet to the shoulders. The lifespan of an elephant lasts between 50 and 70 years. 
Elephants are vegetarians, feeding on grass, foilage, fruit, branches and twigs. Its massive body requires 200 to 600 pounds of food per day and around 50 gallons of water.  Herds can cover distances of over 50 miles a day, but never move far from water. Both male and female African elephants have tusks. 
These tusks can weigh 50 to 100 pounds or more and continue to grow throughout the elephants lifetime. The tusks are used as tools for carrying and clearing. The teeth are used to grind their food. When the elephant loses all its teeth, it can no longer feed and starves to death. The trunk has a multitude of functions. It is used for drinking and eating, washing, carrying, scent, and communicating with other elephants.

During pregnancy, the mother carries her baby almost two years before delivery. At that time, the birth takes place in privacy attended by two other females. A newborn elephant can weigh up to 300 pounds and stand close to 3 feet tall. 
The young are aggresively defended. Elephants are widely distributed throughout Kenya. They can be seen in Amboseli, the Aberdares, Maasai Mara, Meru National Park, Mount Kenya, Samburu and Tsavo. 

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