Beauty Of Animal | Bat-Common Vampire | Vampire bats tend to live in colonies in almost completely dark places, such as caves, old wells, hollow trees, and buildings. They range in Central to South America and live in arid to humid, tropical and sub tropical areas. Vampire bats live in colonies that can number in the thousands in roosting sites. The basic social structure of roosting bats is made of harems which are composed of females and their offspring and a few adult males, known as "resident males" and a separate group of males, known as "non-resident males". In hairy legged vampire bats, the hierarchical segregation of non-resident males is less strict than in common vampire bats.Non-resident males are accepted into the harems when the ambient temperature lowers. This behavior suggests social thermoregulation.
Resident males mate with the females in their harems, however it is common for outside males to copulate with the females.Female offspring usually remain in their natal groups unless their mothers die or move. Several matrilines can be found in a group as unrelated females regularly join groups. Male offspring tend to live in their natal groups until they are about two years old, sometimes being forcefully expelled by the resident adult males.
Vampire bats are believed to be the only species of bats in the world to "adopt" another young bat if something happens to the bat's mother.Vampire bats also share a strong family bond with members of the colony, which is believed to be why they are the only bats to take up this adoption characteristic. Another unique adaptation of vampire bats is the sharing of food. A vampire bat can only survive about two days without a meal of blood, yet they cannot be guaranteed of finding food every night. This poses a problem, so when a bat fails to find food it will often "beg" another bat for food. The "host" bat may regurgitate a small amount of blood to sustain the other member of the colony. This has been noted by many naturalists as an example of reciprocal altruism in nature.Vampire bats also engage in social grooming.It usually occurs between females and their offspring, but it is also significant between adult females. Social grooming is mostly associated with food sharing.
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