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Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Gray Tree Frog

Beauty Of Animal | Gray Tree Frog | The Gray Treefrog (Hyla versicolor) or Gray Tree Frog, is a species of small arboreal frog native to much of the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. It is sometimes referred to as the Eastern Gray Treefrog, Common Gray Treefrog, or Tetraploid Gray Treefrog to distinguish it from its more southern genetically disparate cousin, the Cope's Gray Treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis). It may sometimes be referred to as the North American Tree Frog by Europeans to distinguish it from their European Tree Frog

As the scientific name implies, Gray treefrogs are variable in color owing to their ability to camouflage themselves from gray to green, depending on the substrate they are sitting on. The degree of mottling varies. They can change from nearly black to nearly white. They change color at a slower rate than a chameleon. Dead Gray Treefrogs and ones in unnatural surroundings are predominantly gray. They are relatively small compared to other North American frog species, typically attaining no more than 1.5 to 2 in (3.8 to 5.1 cm).

Their skin has a lumpy texture to it, giving them a warty appearance. They are virtually indistinguishable from the Cope's Gray Tree Frog, Hyla chrysoscelis, the only readily noticeable difference being their calls. Cope's Gray Tree Frog has a shorter, faster call. The Gray Treefrog also has an extra set of chromosomes (4N), or 48 in total, and is called Tetraploid Gray Treefrog in scientific circles. The more southerly Cope's Gray Treefrog, or Diploid Gray Treefrog, retained its 2N (24) original chromosome set, so hybridization between these species would not be successful.

Both Hyla chrysoscelis and Hyla versicolor have bright yellow patches on the hind legs, which distinguishes them from other treefrogs, such as Hyla avivoca. The bright patches are normally only visible while the frog is jumping. Both species of Gray Treefrogs are slightly sexually dimorphic. Males have black or gray throats, while the throat of the female is lighter
 Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Amphibia
Order:     Anura
Family:     Hylidae
Genus:     Hyla
Species:     H. versicolor

Tadpoles have a rounded body (as opposed to the more elongated bodies of stream species) with a high, wide tail that can be colored red if predators are in the system. Metamorphosis can occur in as little as 2 months with optimal conditions. At metamorphosis, the new froglets will almost always turn green for a day or two before changing to the more common gray. Young frogs will also sometimes maintain a light green color and turn gray or darker green after reaching adulthood.

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Saturday, June 23, 2012


Beauty Of Animal | Seahorse | Seahorse compose the hippocampus in the sex of the fish family Syngnathidae, Syngnathiformes in the system. Syngnathidae also includes pipefishes. "Hippocampus" comes from the Hippos in ancient Greek means "horse", meaning kampos "sea monster"There are approximately 50 species of seahorses. There are mainly in the shallow water tropical and temperate in all parts of the world.
They prefer to live in protected areas such as seagrass beds and coral reefs, mangroves, or. Found on the European colonies in the water, such as the mouth of the River Thames. of North America down to South America there are roughly four types, ranging from very small (Seahorse dwarf only about 2.5 cm (0.98 in)) to the much larger samples off the Pacific coast of Central America (the foot of the long- ingens e). H. Homo largest seahorse, ranging from Nova Scotia to around Uruguay. Three species live in the Mediterranean: H. Guttulatus (long snout), H. Hippocampus (short snout) and H.
fuscus (migrated from the Red Sea). This land is fish, with males living in about 1 square meter (11 square feet) of their habitat while females range about 100 times this area. They bob around in sea grass meadows and stands of mangroves and coral reefs, where the adoption of ambiguous patterns of brown and gray to camouflage themselves among the seaweed. During the moments in the vicinity of a social or unusual, and seahorses turn bright colors.

 Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Actinopterygii
Subclass:     Neopterygii
Infraclass:     Teleostei
Order:     Syngnathiformes
Family:     Syngnathidae
Subfamily:     Hippocampinae
Genus:     Hippocampus

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French Angora

Beauty Of Animal | French Angora | French Angora is a large rabbit with long fur on the body, legs, and cheeks. The wool of this rabbit is somewhat coarser than that of the other breeds. Ideally, it is 2 to 3 inches long. The head, ears, and feet are covered with much shorter hair. The rounded body is medium length. The upright ears may have slight tufts, but they are much less noticeable than in the English Angora. The French Angora's luxurious coat has to be groomed at least every few days with a slicker brush and a comb. This breed, however, is known to require less maintenance than other Angoras. French Angoras can be shown in two varieties of white (red-eyed-white and blue-eyed-white), and many other colours and patterns such as:
  • Agouti: each hair shaft has three or more distinct colours. The belly, underside of the tail, inside of the ears and nostrils, and around the eyes are cream, orange, or white;
  • Pointed white: white with colour markings on the feet, legs, nose, ears, and tail;
  • Self: one solid colour;
  • Shaded: the ears, face, haunches, belly, feet, legs, and tail are darker than the rest of the body;
  • Ticked: dark colour with silver or gold-tipped hair spread throughout the coat;
  • Wide band: similar to the agouti, but the hair shafts do not have three or more colours;
  • Brown tones, and broken.
This breed has a preponderance of guard hair on the surface, with wool as an undercoat. If the texture is correct, it requires less maintenance than other Angora breeds. Small ear tufts are allowed, but not usually preferred by breeders. ARBA recognizes the same colors as with English Angora, plus broken. They are shown at ARBA shows using the types "white" and "colored" (broken being a colored). As with other ARBA shown rabbits, toenails should also be only one color.
The French Angora is one of the large Angora breeds at 7.5 to 10 lbs, with a commercial body type. It differs from the English, Giant and German Angora in that it possesses a clean face and front feet, with only minor tufting on the rear legs. The color of a French Angora is determined by the color of its head, feet and tail (all the same color) the angora fibre has smooth silky texture making it difficult to spin. Desirable characteristics of the fibre include its texture, warmth, lightweight and pure white color. It is used for sweaters, mittens, baby clothes and millinery.

This makes a total of 66 allowable varieties in the USA.

The weight is 7,5 to 10,5 pounds.

Most French Angoras are very calm and relaxed because they have purposely been bred for good temperaments in order to groom the breed properly. In fact, they seem to love this process, and will often lie upside-down having their belly groomed. Obviously, this breed is not recommended for those who don't like to brush their pets.

With due care and good living conditions, the French Angora will be a healthy and robust pet. In very warm weather and when you're going to breed the rabbit, it is recommended to shave it. Outdoor cages should be placed off the ground and be sturdy enough to withstand a predator attack. The cages should also provide a shelter from rainy, snowy and extremely hot weather. Indoor cages should be around 2,5x3x1,5 feet. If the cage has a wire floor, make sure to provide the rabbit with a plank or sea grass mats to stand on to prevent damage to its feet. Hutch cleaning is necessary every two days or so.

The Angora Rabbit has been domesticated for their wool for over 2000 years. The use of French Angora rabbits for wool production dates back to 1845 in the region of Saint Innocent in Savoy, France. Of all the Angoras, the French's characteristics are the closest to the first original European Angora.

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Sunday, June 17, 2012


Beauty Of Animal Alpaca | Alpaca (Backus vicugna) is a domesticated species of South American camelid. They resemble small llamas in appearance.Are kept in herds of alpaca, which feed on the heights of the Andes level of southern Peru and Bolivia in the north of Ecuador and northern Chile at an altitude of 3500 meters (11500 feet) to 5,000 meters (16000 feet) above sea level, throughout the year. Alpaca is much smaller than llamas, and unlike llamas, were not born to be alpaca beasts of burden, but were bred specifically for their fiber.
 Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Mammalia
Order:     Artiodactyla
Family:     Camelidae
Genus:     Vicugna
Species:     V. pacos

Used for the manufacture of alpaca fiber and knitted items, like wool. These items include blankets, sweaters, hats, gloves, scarves, and a wide variety of textiles and ponchos in South America, and sweaters, socks, coats and bedding in other parts of the world. Fiber comes in more than 52 natural colors as classified in Peru, and 12 classified as in Australia and 16 are classified in the United States.

In the textile industry, "alpaca" refers primarily to the hair of alpaca, Peru, but on a larger scale it refers to a style of fabric originally from the hair of alpaca, but now often of fibers are similar, such as mohair, Icelandic sheep wool, or even the quality high wool English. Citation needed In the area of ​​trade, and the distinction between alpaca and many types of mohair and luster.

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King Vulture

Beauty Of Animal | King Vulture | The King Vulture (Sarcoramphus papa) is a large bird found in Central and South America. It is a member of the New World vulture family Cathartidae. This vulture lives predominantly in tropical lowland forests stretching from southern Mexico to northern Argentina. Large and predominantly white, the King Vulture has gray to black ruff, flight, and tail feathers. The King Vulture has a very noticeable yellow fleshy caruncle on its beak. It also displaces smaller New World vulture species from a carcass. King Vultures have been known to live for up to 30 years in captivity.
King Vultures were popular figures in the Mayan codices as well as in local folklore and medicine. The species name is derived from Latin word papa "bishop", alluding the bird's plumage resembling the clothing of one. The King Vulture's closest living relative is the Andean Condor, Vultur gryphus. There are two theories on how the King Vulture earned the "King" part of its common name.
The exact systematic placement of the King Vulture and the remaining six species of New World vultures remains unclear.Though both are similar in appearance and have similar ecological roles, the New World and Old World vultures evolved from different ancestors in different parts of the world.. Like other New World vultures, the King Vulture has a diploid chromosome number of 80.
The genus Sarcoramphus, which today contains only the King Vulture, had a wider distribution in the past. The Kern Vulture (Sarcoramphus kernense), lived in southwestern North America during the mid-Pliocene (Piacenzian), some 3.5–2.5 million years ago) The fossil record, though scant, supports the theory that the ancestral King Vultures and South American Condors separated at least some 5 mya.
Excluding the two species of condors, the King Vulture is the largest of the New World vultures. Its overall length ranges from 67–81 centimeters (27–32 in) and its wingspan is 1.2–2 meters (4–6.6 ft). Its weight ranges from 2.7–4.5 kilograms (6–10 lb). An imposing bird, the adult King Vulture has predominantly white plumage, which has a slight rose-yellow tinge to it.The King Vulture has the largest skull and braincase, and strongest bill of the New World vultures. Unlike some New World vultures, the King Vulture lacks eyelashes.
The vulture is minimally sexually dimorphic, with no difference in plumage and little in size between males and females. The juvenile vulture has a dark bill and eyes, and a downy, gray neck that soon begins to turn the orange of an adult. Dark-plumaged immature birds may be confused with Turkey Vultures, but soar with flat wings, while the pale plumaged adults could feasibly be confused with the Wood Stork,although the latter's long neck and legs allow for easy recognition from afar.
The King Vulture soars for hours effortlessly, only flapping its wings infrequently.While in flight, its wings are held flat with slightly raised tips, and from a distance the vulture can appear to be headless while in flight. . It is non-migratory and, unlike the Turkey, Lesser Yellow-headed and American Black Vulture, it generally lives alone or in small family groups. King Vultures have lived up to 30 years in captivity, though their lifespan in the wild is unknown.
This vulture uses urohidrosis, defecating on its legs, to lower its body temperature. An adult King Vulture sexually matures when it is about four or five years old, with females maturing slightly earlier than males.The birds mainly breed during the dry season. King Vultures mate for life and generally lay a single unmarked white egg in its nest in a hollow in a tree.To ward off potential predators, the vultures keep their nests foul-smelling. 

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Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Fruit Doves

Beauty Of Animal | Fruit Doves | Fruit doves are sex (Ptilinopus) in the bathroom and dove family (Columbidae). Found this colorful, Thamer doves in the forests and jungles of Southeast Asia and Oceania. It is a genus wide with about 50 species, and some already threatened or extinct.These small and medium-sized dove is generally a short, fan-shaped tails, and are remarkable for feathers stained and polished them in many cases, as seen in the aptly named Orange Dove Fruit, Fruit Dove Flame-Sadr, headed by Dov, pink fruit. Males and females of many species of fruit pigeons look very different. For example, many of the women dove fruit colored stock crown male crimson and deep feathers undertail pink and green, but otherwise, while the male has a crimson on the upper back, and areas of yellow, olive, cinnamon, and grey.This is a genus wide , and the most diverse in all parts of the island of New Guinea, the Philippines, and the geographical area of ​​biological Wallacea.

Some species may range as far west as the Sunda Islands, and some of the other north to Taiwan and southern Australia, and east in Polynesia.Fruit doves, as the name implies, eat fruit - Ficus is particularly important - and live in different types of forests, or forests. Some species are restricted to primary forests, such as rain forests and low-mountain forests, or monsoon forests, while others prefer secondary forest or in the troubled areas. Some species specialize in certain habitats, from coastal plains to forest cloud forest or moss forest of high altitude. There are only certain types of fruit doves in habitats dominated by certain plants, such as mangroves, eucalyptus, or pandanus.

And can usually only a few species to be considered in all parts of human habitation, and includes a handle fruit dove's beak, and Dov Makatea fruit, black naped fruit dove, which is known to visit gardens, such as.There is still much to be learned about fruit doves. Many types are shy and difficult to control in their natural environment. For example, there are many species in the Philippines, and for the most part, did not know little or nothing from their breeding or nesting behavior.

 Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Aves
Order:     Columbiformes
Family:     Columbidae
Genus:     Ptilinopus

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Yeti Crab

Beauty Of Animal | Yeti Crab  | Yeti Crab  (Kiwa hirsuta) is a crustacean discovered in 2005 in the South Pacific Ocean. This decapod, which is approximately 15 cm (6 inches) long, is notable for the quantity of silky blond setae (resembling fur) covering its pereiopods (thoracic legs, including claws). Its discoverers dubbed it the "yeti lobster" or "yeti crab"

K. hirsuta was discovered in March 2005 by a group organised by Robert Vrijenhoek of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute in Monterey, California, using the submarine DSV Alvin, operating from RV Atlantis. The discovery was announced on the 7th of March, 2006. It was found 1,500 km (900 miles) south of Easter Island in the South Pacific, at a depth of 2,200 m (7,200 feet), living on hydrothermal vents along the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge Based on both morphology and molecular data, the species was deemed to form a new genus and family (Kiwaidae). The animal has strongly reduced eyes that lack pigment, and is thought to be blind.
The 'hairy' pincers contain filamentous bacteria, which the creature may use to detoxify poisonous minerals from the water emitted by the hydrothermal vents where it lives. Alternatively, it may feed on the bacteria, although it is thought to be a general carnivore. Its diet also consists of green algae and small shrimp.

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Cane Toad

Beauty Of Animal | Cane Toad | The Cane Toad (Bufo marinus), also known as the Giant Neotropical Toad or Marine Toad, is a large, terrestrial true toad which is native to Central and South America, but has been introduced to various islands throughout Oceania and the Caribbean. It is a member of the subgenus Rhinella of the genus Bufo, which includes many different true toad species found throughout Central and South America. The cane toad is a prolific breeder  females lay single-clump spawns with thousands of eggs.

The cane toad is an old species. A fossil toad (specimen UCMP 41159) from the La Venta fauna of the late Miocene of Colombia is indistinguishable from modern cane toads from northern South America. It was discovered in a floodplain deposit, which suggest that marinus habitat preferences have always been for open areas. The cane toad has poison glands, and the tadpoles are highly toxic to most animals if ingested.

Originally, cane toads were used to eradicate pests from sugar cane, giving rise to their common name. The cane toad has many other common names, including "Giant Toad" and "Marine Toad"; the former refers to its size and the latter to the binomial name, Bufo marinus. Other common names include "Giant Neotropical Toad", "Dominican Toad",  "Giant Marine Toad", and "South American Cane Toad". In Trinidadian English they are commonly called "Crapaud", the French word for toad. The subgenus Rhinella is increasingly considered to constitute a distinct genus of its own, thus changing the scientific name of the Cane Toad.


Juvenile cane toads may be confused with species of the Uperoleia genus, but their adult colleagues can be distinguished by the lack of bright colouring on the groin and thighs. In the United States, the cane toad closely resembles many Bufonid species. In particular, it could be confused with the Southern toad (Bufo terrestris), which can be distinguished by the presence of two bulbs in front of the parotoid glands. The cane toad is very large the females are significantly longer than males, reaching an average length of 10–15 cm (3.9–5.9 in). "Prinsen", a toad kept as a pet in Sweden, is listed by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest recorded specimen.

The skin of the cane toad is dry and warty. It has distinct ridges above the eyes, which run down the snout. Individual cane toads can be grey, yellowish, red-brown or olive-brown, with varying patterns.A large parotoid gland lies behind each eye. Predators outside the cane toad's native range include the Whistling Kite (Haliastur sphenurus), the Rakali (Hydromys chrysogaster), the Black Rat (Rattus rattus) and the Water Monitor (Varanus salvator). There have been occasional reports of the Tawny Frogmouth (Podargus strigoides) and the Papuan Frogmouth (Podargus papuensis) feeding on cane toads. It is likely that an opossum of the Didelphis genus can eat cane toads with impunity.

Traditionally, within the toad's natural range in South America, the Embera-Wounaan would "milk" the toads for their toxin, which was then employed as an arrow poison. Other modern applications of the cane toad include pregnancy testing, as pets, laboratory research, and the production of leather goods. The tests using toads were faster than those employing mammals: toads were easier to raise, and, although the initial 1948 discovery employed Bufo arenarum for the tests, it soon became clear that a variety of anuran species were suitable, including the cane toad. . Even dead toads have value. Cane toad skin has been made into leather and novelty items stuffed cane toads, posed and accessorised, have found a home in the tourist market, and attempts have been made to produce fertilizer from their bodies

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